Eigenfunction Matching for a Submerged Finite Dock

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Introduction

This is the finite length version of the Eigenfunction Matching for a Submerged Semi-Infinite Dock. The full theory is not presented here, and details of the matching method can be found in Eigenfunction Matching for a Submerged Semi-Infinite Dock and Eigenfunction Matching for a Finite Dock

Governing Equations

We begin with the Frequency Domain Problem for the submerged dock in the region [math]x\gt0[/math] (we assume [math]e^{i\omega t}[/math] time dependence). The water is assumed to have constant finite depth [math]h[/math] and the [math]z[/math]-direction points vertically upward with the water surface at [math]z=0[/math] and the sea floor at [math]z=-h[/math]. The boundary value problem can therefore be expressed as

[math] \Delta\phi=0, \,\, -h\ltz\lt0, [/math]

[math] \partial_{z} \phi=0, \,\, z=-h, [/math]

[math] \partial_z\phi=\alpha\phi, \,\, z=0, [/math]

[math] \partial_z\phi=0, \,\, z=-d,\,-L\ltx\ltL, [/math]

We must also apply the Sommerfeld Radiation Condition as [math]|x|\rightarrow\infty[/math]. This essentially implies that the only wave at infinity is propagating away and at negative infinity there is a unit incident wave and a wave propagating away.

Solution Method

We use separation of variables in the four regions, {[math]x\lt-L \,[/math]}, {[math]x\gtL \,[/math]}, {[math]-d\ltz\lt0,\,\,-L\ltx\ltL[/math]}, and {[math]-h\ltz\lt-d,\,\,-L\ltx\ltL[/math]}. The first three regions use the free-surface eigenfunction and the last uses dock eigenfunctions. Details can be found in Eigenfunction Matching for a Semi-Infinite Dock.

The incident potential is a wave of amplitude [math]A[/math] in displacement travelling in the positive [math]x[/math]-direction. The incident potential can therefore be written as

[math] \phi^{\mathrm{I}} =e^{-k_{0}^{h}(x+L)}\phi_{0}\left( z\right) [/math]

The potential can be expanded as

[math] \phi(x,z)=e^{-k_{0}^h (x+L)}\phi_{0}^h\left( z\right) + \sum_{m=0}^{\infty}a_{m}e^{k_{m}^h (x+L)}\phi_{m}^h(z), \;\;x\lt-L [/math]

[math] \phi(x,z)= \sum_{m=0}^{\infty}b_{m} e^{-k_{m}^d (x+L)}\phi_{m}^d(z) + \sum_{m=0}^{\infty}c_{m} e^{k_{m}^d (x-L)}\phi_{m}^d(z) , \;\;-d\ltz\lt0,\,\,-L\ltx\ltL [/math]

and

[math] \phi(x,z)= d_0 \frac{L-x}{2 L} + \sum_{m=1}^{\infty}d_{m} e^{-\kappa_{m} (x+L)}\psi_{m}(z) + e_0 \frac{x+L}{2 L} + \sum_{m=1}^{\infty}e_{m} e^{\kappa_{m} (x-L)}\psi_{m}(z) , \;\;-h\ltz\lt-d,\,\,-L\ltx\ltL [/math]

[math] \phi(x,z)= \sum_{m=0}^{\infty}f_{m}e^{-k_{m}^h (x-L)}\phi_{m}^h(z), \;\;L\ltx [/math]

The definition of all terms can be found in Eigenfunction Matching for Submerged Semi-Infinite Dock, as can the solution method and the method to extend the solution to waves incident at an angle.

Matlab Code

A program to calculate the coefficients for the submerged semi-infinite dock problems can be found here submerged_finite_dock.m

Additional code

This program requires